Some Kinds of Iranian Dates

 


Sair (Sayer) Dates:

This semi-dried date grows in the khozestan region. The coloring of this kind is dark brown and it is purchased by many countries.


Piarom Date:


This semi-dried grows in Hormozgan region. The coloring of this kind is dark brown and it has a unique taste. The skin of piarom date is thin. The piarom date has a kind of sugar which is acceptable for diabetic people.


Zahedi Dates:


This dried date grows in Fars and Khozestan regions. The coloring of this variety is yellow. The zahedi date is used for industrial purpose because of its high sugar content.


Rabby Dates:


 

Kabkab Date:

This fresh date grows in Fars regions. The coloring of this variety is black and its taste is very delicious.


Mazafati Date:

This fresh date grows in Kerman region. The coloring of this kind variety is black and its taste is very delicious.




General information about Date

Date is Similar to milk, honey and grapes, dates are considered a complete diet and a very important item of food. Full of vitamins and minerals, date have 25% more potassium than bananas while being free of fats, sodium, and cholesterol. Dates play an important role in the diet and treatment of obesity and are the most important source of energy and food in date producing areas.
The most exquisite species of dates are produced in Iran. Date has a large variety and more than 400 varieties of the fruit, some of which acclaimed worldwide, are produced in many locations of Iran. There exists a good opportunity and a large potential for trade in this commodity in Iran.
Due to climatic restrictions and the tropical nature of the date palm, dates are produced in 14 provinces of Iran together with Ghasre Shirin and Soumar in Kermanshah province, Tabas in the southern Khorassan province, Khor and Biabanak in Isfahan province, Taroud in Semnan province and extending from central to southern Iran.
In the year 1997, about 230 thousand hectares of land were under date palm cultivation, 83.6 percent of which are productive. Hormozgan province, with a date productivity rate of 29.7 %, ranks first in the country followed by the provinces of Kerman, Khouzestan, Boushehr, and Fars, having a productivity rate of 18.8, 16.2, 11.8, and 11.6 percentage respectively. The production of dates from 192 hectares of palm groves in the country is approximately 877 tons with Kerman province (including Jiroft area) having the highest production share of 22.7 percent. Iran is the largest producer and exporter of dates in the world with exports of 51.2 and 59.3 thousand tons in the years 1996 and 1997 respectively.

Commercially important Varieties in Iran

There are about 400 varieties known in Iran, but only few of them are commercially important.

The main varieties and their specifications are as followed
:

 

Dates

Pistachio

Saffron

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